permaculture autumn olive

Modern ecology tells us that ecosystems are generally non co-evolved aggregates of species, that are constantly being invaded and moving elsewhere to invade. When the plant dies, or sheds its pods and leaves, the nitrogen is released. or pesticides. Perhaps if so many ecosystems weren’t already in such bad shape, *and* the rate of introduction of invasives was several orders of magnitude less, then maybe it wouldn’t be such a worrisome problem…. California Bay Laurel (Umbellularia californica) edible leaves. Michael obtained his Permaculture Design Certification via Geoff Lawton, PRI, in 2013, and had been a student of Sustainable Agriculture independently for many years prior to obtaining the PDC. Permaculture includes every aspect of your environment, from the trees to the roadways to the fertilizers that you use. Surely you admit that this imported fungus (which is killing off the white pines in alpine & sub alpine areas all across the western US, which is eliminating a prime food source (pine nuts) for birds, bears and assorted mammals) is invasive. The Autumn Olive is a fantastic shrub to plant as a nursemaid plant when planting productive plants such as fruit or nut trees. This simple autumn olive fruit leather is made from the delicious, nutritious, anti-oxidant packed berries of an invasive shrub. Maybe it is. The ability to fix nitrogen gives the plant an advantage over other plants in poor soils and thus Nitrogen fixers are often found in less than fertile fields and waysides. Permaculture looks for solutions from problems. This is an irrational conclusion based on questionable studies. autumn olive and its cousin, russian olive are rather invasive here in Pa. it wants to grow everywhere in open spaces. Superhero,Garnet Amber, Ruby and Seedling “Amber” fruit “Garnet” Fruit . Also, this is not an abandoned land like most people conceive of wilderness to be. the quality of the berries varies with the plant if the plant produces good berries i build a … Volume will reduce by half. Elaeagnus umbellate is a great shrub that can be managed into a system in a way that takes advantage of its natural characteristics to obtain a yield, with few inputs. Eventually, when the fruit/nut tree is established and the Autumn Olive finally dies from being whacked back each year, its decaying roots will continue to form nitrogen rich pathways for nutrients to reach the desired trees root system. Find his LinkedIn Bio here: https://www.linkedin.com/in/michael-cooley-b6855437/ Both the Goumi and Autumn Olive plants are members of the ‘Elaeagnaceae’ family, with both making incredibly useful additions to any self-respecting garden – … Autumn Elaeagnus. The Biggest Selection of the Best Plants for a Good Cause. Since 2009 Planting Justice has built over 450 edible permaculture gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area, worked with five high-schools to develop food justice curricula and created 40 green jobs in the food … I also want to point out that I want to protect “native” species — I love them. Here are Tobi and Christina chop and dropping around the Cornus mas – Cornellian Cherry and Elaeagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive in one of the perennial polyculture trial beds. Plant breeders have bred it to produce more flowers. Autumn olive? He is particularly interested in Tropical Agricultural Development, perennial food production, and medicinal plants and herbs. Here is more info. All plants and other creatures formerly came from somewhere. Welcome to “Stealth Permaculture”, a series for those who, for whatever reason, can’t outwardly “do permaculture” where they are. If Autumn Olive thrives in this environment, why not let it? Typically, herbicide companies such as Monsanto. The reason we see it claim a field is so that the field can success to forest. The landscapes that the “native” plants there were accostomed to only a few hundred years ago are all but gone, and there is a catastrophically altered landscape in its place. Who benefits from poisioning the land with toxic pesticides (and their combinations), clearcutting, habitat destruction, and generally wreaking havoc on nature? Once the birds start, near the peak of ripeness, the shrubs will be picked clean in days. Branches are often thorny, leaves are bright green and silvery beneath. Making Autumn Berry into a Jam produced delicious results. var. Autumn Olive Strawberry Bush Goumi Osoberry Linden Alonia Black Elder Pineapple Guava Vancouveria Oregon Grape Yarrow Lemon Balm Gooseberry Sidalcea Virgata * indicates regular production ** Indicates occasional production *** Indicates new, not yet producing Anyway found your article in our new ReGen Ag Group, on Facebook it is being discussed there, you should come join us, great blog you have here. The berries are quite easy to harvest. They always have. May 10, 2008 feralkevin. If it’s a matter of preference or focused native restoration attempt, then use Autumn olive, don’t poison the entire watershed to kill like it’s bad or something. Elaeagnus umbellata — Autumn olive permaculture plant. It is a method of building, designing, and maintaining an environment that allows all systems to support and sustain each other for long-term living. He is formally trained in teaching Permaculture and has a Master's candidate in Natural Resources/Agroforestry from the University of Missouri. Autumn olive is a drought tolerant plant that can grow in full sun or partial shade. Makes 12 half pint jars with a little left over for snacking. Required fields are marked *. As the trees grow up together, the Autumn Olive is cut back each year, the cuttings dropped to the ground around the fruit or nut trees forming a nutritious mulch. Many other things didn’t. Elaeagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive Overview: Elaeagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive – A large deciduous shrub from E.Asia, growing 4.5 m high and 4.5 m wide, tolerates part shade, very drought tolerant. I believe Bill Mollison calls this thinking Michael describes the “phasmid conspiracy.” That is as you already said, forests, and ecosystems in general, are out of balance because of human abuse. Oct 28, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Tropik Meyveci. Of course the most obvious “solution” to the problem of Autumn Olive is to utilize it’s fruit. Young shrubs have sharp thorns on the branches that seem to be less present on older specimens. For a more tart version, reduce sugar to 6 cups. Great help is always welcome! This argument goes very deep, and for more information I suggest going to David Theodoropoulos’s site. As you can see from the image above, we have many interesting plants from which to choose, such as the Siberian peashrub (which Geoff Lawton likes to use), Russian olive (favored by Martin Crawford), goumi, silverberry (Michael Judd’s favorite), autumn olive, and sea buckthorn (Ben Falk’s plant of choice). I couldn’t get any of the seed to germinate, even when given summer water. Autumn olive or autumn berry is one of the most useful plants to people and wildlife. Overview: A large deciduous shrub from E.Asia, growing 4.5m high and 4.5m wide, hardy to zone 3 (-35 o C), tolerates part shade, very drought tolerant. I say yes. USDA … In my area they are not “invasive” because they need summer water to germinate and our summers or essentially water free. I could go on and on. How can we call horsetail invasive when it was here millions of years ago? Autumn Olive (Eleagnus umbellata): Autumn Olive Blossoms. The leaves are a grayish green and looks as though it has scales on the bottom of the leaves. Other edible Japanese natives in the genus include Aki-gumi, E. umbellate, known here as Autumn Olive. When I first got to the current garden I manage, I was an early “permie” (like a trekkie to Star Trek so is a permie to permaculture) and wanted to build a food forest — fast. I planted lots of things in a mad rush with the constant mantra in my mind that the best time to plant a fruit tree is 10 years ago. Discover (and save!) Several scattered shrubs throughout an orchard would work to increase fruit yield and add nitrogen to the soil. It did not coevolve with the white pines here as it did with european white pines for millenia, so american white pines have little/no genetic resistance to it. https://www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/how-grow-your-own-mulch Let it give you rich compost. Autumn Olive is a great plant in the mind of most Permaculture designers as it is a nitrogen fixer that grows well in poor soil. Compare the photo of my friend’s plant with this botanical illustration: Landscape and Permaculture Use Soon as the trees get over it, its job is done and it dies into the same soil it built. Autumn Olive , Elaeagnus umbellate— most widely know as Autumn Olive– is also called Japanese Silverberry and recently has come into fashion under the moniker Autumn Berry. Solar Ovens A solar oven is a unique and fun way to cook food by converting free sunlight into heat energy. Birds like the fruit and propagate the seeds. https://www.facebook.com/groups/regenerativeagriculture/permalink/485818224929855/. I planted: feijoa, comfrey, Lycium, yellowhorn, female grafted ginkgo, figs, pomegranates, persimmon, persian mulberry, Ceanothus, Passiflora, Arbutus, Jujube, and Elaeagnus. When I first got to the current garden I manage, I was an early “permie” (like a trekkie to Star Trek so is a permie to permaculture) and wanted to build a food forest — fast. Autumn Berry Jam on buttered fry bread. First of all, there is no such thing as “invasive”, per se. Right now, I’m in an Elaeagnus shrubland. Most everyone loves the taste once the fruit has bletted (ripened to the point that fruit tannin and acids are replaced by sugars). The Autumn Olive berry has a Lingonberry-like flavor. Nice explanation. If you have Autumn olive in your area, eat it! They are on the top “noxious” or “invasive species” lists in the Eastern U.S. Need more evidence? Birds love the fruit and thus the seed is spread far and wide. Thanks Jack, I actually posted the link to ReGen Ag . Unlike Autumn Olive goumi is not invasive. Autumn Olive is similar in some ways to goumi, but with a tarnished reputation on the east coast, Autumn Olive grows larger with a more slender leaf shape and produces smaller but equally tasty fruit. Fixing the root cause seems so much easier to me in the long run. It grows as a large shrub, to about 15 feet and wide. Edges are curled or wavy. your own Pins on Pinterest And, as a bonus, Autumn Berry (as it is now fashionably called) is high in Lycopene, a chemical known for benefiting prostate health. Branches are often thorny, leaves are bright green, silvery beneath. Nutritious and medicinal, and provides nitrogen for other desirable plants. It’s an amazing food source. Elaeagnus umbellata - Autumn Olive Permaculture Plant - Elaeagnus umbellata Overview: A large deciduous shrub from E.Asia, growing 4.5 m high and 4.5 m wide, hardy to zone 3 (-35C) tolerates part shade, very drought tolerant. You won’t find autumn olive deep in a forest only on edges. Simmer, stirring occasionally, until the mixture “sheets” off the spoon (30-45 minutes estimated cook time). Amazing goodness. I recommend whole heartily the Autumn Berry for your fall foraging opportunity. His interest in Agroforestry and Permaculture came through an interest in sustainable food production and a desire for nutrient-rich foods. Thus it naturally grows well where it will do the most good. The yield is so great that a study by the USDA in Maryland demonstrated that the plant can produce a yield of 3600-12600 pounds of fruit per acre (400 to 14100 kg per hectare) without using fertilizers Autumn-Olive (elaegnus umbellate) also known as Autumn-Berry, is a deciduous shrub that can grow into a small multi-trunked tree reaching as high as 20 feet. People have been in the American Southwest longer than the iconic Sugaro cactus ecology, which is called “native.” So the terms “native” and “invasive” are cultural creations (not to say they don’t exist), not scientific ones. Our most successful experimental import to date, hands-down. Most of the talk about this plant is fear of its invasiveness. It’s rarely over 15 or 16 feet tall. But they didn’t initiate the damage, they are just finishing the job. So much so it has made the USDA invasive species list. Thank you for you comment. Autumn Olive produces flowers in the spring that have a heavy, sweet fragrance and when the fruit comes on full, the branches can be bent to the ground with the weight. I would seriously question the claim that it is the sole causal agent of the decline of pines. The nitrogen released into the soil then travels to the blueberry, thus the autumn olive feeds the blueberry, helping it grow faster until the blueberry bushes eventually shade out the autumn olive. Leaves are elliptical or oval shaped with alternate leaves 2 to 3 Inches (3-5 cm) long. The spacing between the Cornus mas – Cornellian Cherry and Elaeagnus umbellata – Autumn Olive is 2 m and the plants are planted in the center of a 1.3 wide raised beds. However, don’t blame them exclusively, they are a mere product of the paradigm of civilization run completely off the cliff. Because autumn olive is invasive, it is abundant and easy to find. Dispersed by many natural agents such as the wind, floating seeds, birds, and people. I am very worried about ecological decline, but I’m not going to blame plants, animals, and other wild organisms for our global misdoings. Autumn olive trees are nitrogen fixers. Goumi Vs Autumn Olive – An age old question of the permaculture obsessed gardener. Alpha and Omega diversity are increased by having Autumn olive in the East, and it’s a healer of soil, which has been extremely degraded there. Silverberry is in the genus Elaeagnus making it a relative of the Goumi, the Russian Olive and the Autumn Olive, (neither of which are actually olives). So without objective definitions of “invasive” or “native” what sense can we make of invasion biology? Based on my research into this subject, I do not subscribe to the construct of an invasive species. He received a Graduate Certificate in Agroforestry from Mizzou in 2018. Michael's experience as a licensed Financial Advisor and a prior career in hospital administration and Human Resources management has given him unique perspectives on the economics of Agricultural Design and the management of inputs. I planted them in full awareness that they are not going to spread into the wildlands here. I find it so incomprehensible that “land management” practices, which supposedly are to bring the ecosystem back into balance, call for spraying of poisons to attempt to control invasives (a lot of which are edible as you point out). There is no such thing as a properly grazed pasture full of autumn olive, it just does not exist. Great article and let me add if pasture is a goal that cattle will graze this plant flat to the ground. We now have almost two dozen jars of lovely red jam to perk up cold winter mornings with toast. 3 years later I have the result of my collaboration with this piece of land and the plants that I imported. The Autumn Olive was at one time promoted and given away by the same government as a wildlife habitat shrub and windbreak. They made it. Scarlet Autumn Olive Plant Information. This plant isn’t an invasive species it is an earth medic and our people in charge are to dim to see it for the cure that it is to the very problem they created. Autumn olive, scientific name Elaeagnus umbellata, is also called Japanese silverberry, spreading oleaster, autumn elaeagnus, or autumnberry.The ripe berries of the autumn olive tree are crimson in color and have a sweet yet pleasantly tart flavor, making them ideal for use in both savory dishes and dessert recipes. Another is that it also produces a soil around itself so rich that some plants cannot grow in it. Tomatoes are normally pointed to for this nutrient. 8 Cups Autumn Berry Juice/Pulp (extract pulp with juicer). Some view Autumn Olive as a noxious invasive weed. I’m not familiar with E. umbellata so I’ll comment on a particularly egregious invasive, the white pine blister rust. But this shrub was not a random seedling, but a named variety, grown from cuttings, I’m sure of it. How can gingko or horsetail been invasive when they were here before the dinosaurs? It is indeed prolific, and entire pastures can be taken over by it due to its heavy berry production. 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