how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor

Ideally, you’ll already have a drain roughed in, with the pipe sticking a few inches above the floor. A shower pan is the bottom layer of a shower floor underneath the tile. These structures are built with the latest technology to allow easy entry and exit to your bathroom, durable construction, and a water containment base among other features. The other design is a barrier-free design. Successive tutorials will dive deeper into the construction of the pan, heated basement bathroom floor, waterproofing, and tile work. Building shower pan on concrete floor. Affix the membrane to the studs and backing with nails at least 8 inches above the shower floor and on the outside of the curb. How to Make a Shower Pan. Make sure that the perimeter of the walls on the side the shower pan would be there. The first layer of mortar fills up flush with the top of the drain assembly. Msisell New Member. The inside edge will be held in place by the mortar floor. Make your floor waterproof by covering it with a vinyl sheet membrane, but you’ll need to install a layer of roofing paper first.This part provides cushioning. However, this design might feature a splash wall to direct the water into the drainage. How to Make a Relatively Sweet Shower – Cheap. Frame out the shower pan using 2 by 6 inches (5.1 cm × 15.2 cm) boards. If you know how to build a walk-in shower pan, you’ll realize this step isn’t necessary. Alternatively, you can use a hot mop with tar. Concrete is one of the best materials when it comes to shower floors. The height of your curb should be anything between 2 and 6 inches high. This part is important as it allows the membrane to rise up the wall. Concrete will absorb water and you will have no idea where it travels and what it is effecting. This is Phase 1 of building the mud pan. To be able to know how to build a concrete shower pan, you need to have mortar, concrete backer board and tiles. It should rest directly on the concrete slab. arc for the curved form board. Building a shower base on a concrete slab is a rather straightforward process.If you follow the following procedure, you’ll realize how easy it is. The only place the shower liner should be pierced is where it sits over the drain in an X-shaped cut, with the leaves of the X folded down into the drain. Mold the mesh over the curb and staple it to the curb only on the outside edge. Making a shower pan begins with plumbing. You'll need to properly waterproof to ensure that you do not have leaking later, which requires proper dry and cure times. Concrete Bathroom. Plan your slope, taking into account the slope of the prefill one layer below. The next step is to put down a layer of felt paper and then cover the floor with metal lathe as shown above. step 4. Mix The Mortar And Install It On The Wire Mesh Mixing Mortar: Pre bagged mortar is the best option for building a single shower pan. A shower pan works as a waterproof dam sloped toward a drain. These are the material that we need to build a shower pan by yourself: Concrete (you can also use ceramic floor mix) Duct tape; Vinyl membrane; Hardboard siding; Set of mortar; String; Galvanized nails Once the sloped prefill has cured, lay the waterproof shower liner. Make sure not to cut the drain hole too large. This leads to water puddling on the finished shower floor as a result. This vital because it prevents water from leaking out of your shower. The curb is the front edge of a pan that rises about 2 to 6 inches above the ground. Next is the waterproof vinyl or rubber pan liner. Follow the instructions on the mortar package and prepare enough concrete to cover the shower pan. Whether you are building a walk in a curbless shower base or a shower base with a curb, the preliminary steps are the same. Mix thinset mortar with the drill and paddle. Put the thinset on the floor and wall, focusing on the inside edge. At least a 1 1/4" thick mortar bed is desirable at the drain assembly. You'll love it! Here is James Baker a passionate blogger and editor at, ShowerAdvise is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.Copyright © 2020. This is a necessary step in the construction of a pan. Fill the shower pan with water and mark the level of the water. ! Just don't let the concrete slab trick you into thinking that you don't need to waterproof the shower pan, because you do. This step is followed by creating a shower curb. Indeed, a shower pan is an essential structure in any shower. Concrete may seem like an odd material to use in a bathroom, but it has several qualities that make it an appealing choice. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Before you finish, you should perform a water test. The bottom layer is the slope fill, bordered by the curb. Your email address will not be published. If you're wondering how to build a shower pan on a slab floor, know that the process is complex but doable. Fill that gap with silicone caulk. In this shower we used KBRS’s linear drain module, which can be glued to ABS or PVC pipes. To do so, you will need to create a backing at the base of the shower stall. Otherwise you have to break through the concrete to run a new line for a shower stall installation. This design does not have a curb, though some have a very low edge. The first is a single-layer shower floor which can then be coated with RedGard or a similar product or covered with kerdi to waterproof it. Cut out the hole for the drain. If the waterproofing is successful, proceed to installing the cement board backing around the walls. It is time to test if your floor can stand up against the water. 8 or 9 years ago I tackled my first tiled shower project, with only one countertop tile project under my belt, by making extensive use of “Tile Your World” by John Bridge, and the web forum. … Add more thinset to one side to level the floor, if necessary. This is where there is the entry of the shower stall. Install the wallboard over the tile flanges before securing it to the studs. The shower liner must also cover the curb and must do this without being cut, only folded. . However, the same thing allows it to soak up a lot of water and to avoid that you need to make sure that a concrete shower floor is properly sealed. New video installing HYDRO-BLOK, the better shower system. The drain installed on the floor should be at least 2 inches. Today’s tutorial has 5 tips for making the curbless shower pan. Required fields are marked *, Hi! With the drain assembly, remember to leave room for the actual tiles. Measure the distances between the studs on your walls where you plan on building your shower pan and write them down. Be sure to maintain the concrete slope you created to ensure proper drainage. Define the location of the shower, including the length and width. Mark the first level of water and note if there is a noticeable change in the level of water. Draw the outline of the shower floor on the subfloor to use as a pattern for setting the mortar forms. For the sloped prefill itself, the final slope of the shower needs to ascend 1/4 inch for every foot away from the drain. A mortar shower pan is so much nicer than a store-bought fiberglass unit. How To Build A Shower Floor On Concrete. Once you established your drain setup you’ll want to buy a shower pan drain as shown in the video. How to Create a Stained Concrete Shower Floor. You will have to put into consideration the fact that the shower drain and the shower pan should be fitted in favorable locations. You can build a shower pan on a slab floor. She owns her own content marketing agency, Wordsmyth Creative Content Marketing (www.wordsmythcontent.com), and she enjoys writing home and DIY articles and blogs for clients in a variety of related industries. You need to notch the corners for a two-inch overlap. Some types of floors need to be reinforced in order to support a shower and build a shower pan on them, but with a concrete slab floor, you're all set. You can begin by mixing some thinset mortar with a little more water than the instructions dictate to create a loose mix that will help the mortar or the sloped prefill bond to the slab. It, therefore, follows that its installation must be meticulously done so that it can serve its purpose to the best.Knowing how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor is the very first step for DIYers. Diamond mesh is chosen because it is mold able, and it will allow you to staple only the outer face of your curb. I build my pans the same way. Once the mortar has been shaped, let it cure. Besides, you need to staple the vinyl sheets to the wall studs first. 1. Besides, you can customize your creation by learning how to build a custom shower pan on a concrete floor. A pre-slope is a necessary part that allows all the water collected on the shower membrane to drain away through the shower drain assembly.Use the concrete mix to create a 1/4" per foot slope. Just don't let the concrete slab trick you into thinking that you don't need to waterproof the shower pan, because you do. 1) I like to lay down a layer of felt paper on the subfloor first. Remember, tile finishing on your bathroom makes it look beautiful. The role of a shower pan is to create a sloped, waterproof seal between the shower and the flooring underneath since tile, grout and mortar are not entirely waterproof. Once you've drawn the outline of the shower floor, you will need to build a curb. Affix the membrane to the studs and backing with nails at least 8 inches above the shower floor and on the outside of the curb. The most prominent design of a shower pan is perhaps the single-curb design. Linear drains make mud pan construction much easier, even for beginners. Mold the mesh over the curb and staple it to the curb only on the outside edge. Before installing the tile backer board you will have to protect the membrane temporarily. Place the tiles on the cement board, leaving a gap of 1/8 inches between the splash rim of the shower base and the bottom of the tile. It provides you adequate sub flooring. Discussion in 'Shower & Bathtub Forum & Blog' started by Msisell, Apr 9, 2013. Let’s dive in! Master the Art of How to Build a Shower Pan on Concrete Floor, How to Install A Shower Drain– You Must Know, How To Install A Fiberglass Shower Pan -Learn The Easy Way, How To Install A Shower Faucet New Construction – Tub and Shower. Press the fabric into place with the trowel on both the pan and the wall. Cover shower subfloor with asphalt saturated felt (tar paper) Place the first mortar base layer, sloped from walls and curb to drain base Install the shower liner and seal and clamp to the shower drain Install tile backer board on shower walls gapped above shower liner Next, a layer of galvanized metal lath may be necessary. The concrete should be sloping from the wall towards the drain. To ensure your shower is water-tight, whether it’s a new plumbing installation or you’re looking to upgrade your current shower, consider a new shower pan.While it is possible to create a shower floor using a pan liner and tile, a ready-made shower pan makes shower installation easier.Ready-made shower pans are typically made of acrylic, fiberglass, or composites. The inner face will be held in place by the mortar on the floor. How to Build a Shower Pan on a Concrete Floor: Materials & Tools. Sometimes, a 2 x 10 timber can be very effective considering it is a little bit higher. Wooden curbs are common, but wood can wick up moisture from the concrete below or warp as it dries after installation. I am so happy to find someone to ask my DIY questions to! Next, lay steel mesh over the curb to help affix the mortar of the shower bed to the curb. They should be bonding with each other and the floor. Step 1: Install concrete board on walls; Step 2: Install the polystyrene shower pan; Step 3: Shower bench; Step 4: Install The Schluter Shower Curb; Step 5: Connect The Schluter Drain Piece; Step 6: Waterproofing the shower To create an effective drain assembly do it through the sub-floor. Only frame the wall and proceed to the next step. Set the acrylic shower pan in … Above that, thinset mortar holds the tiles in place, with grout between the tiles. Besides, it is one of the primary ways to customize your bathroom. A shower pan makes an essential part of a bathroom, as it creates a waterproof barrier beneath the shower tile floor. Tile showers are quite heavy considering the weight of the tiles plus the mortar and cement board backing. Fautch uses epoxies or two-part polyurethanes, sometimes both — epoxy as primer with polyurethane on top. A clamping shower pan drain assembly sits off the floor about 1/4". This way you have a guarantee of log integrity. Use fabric strips to build the shower pan waterproofing. Then, measure the dimensions of your planned shower. Make Shower Pan: Phase 1. Joined: Apr 9, 2013 Location: Minnesota. This will be the substrate for the tiled walls. This gently sloped fill lets the waterproof membrane above funnel any water to the drain. Finally, more sloped mortar bed forms the last layer of the shower pan. Then, apply another layer to cover the entire base. The other is a normal shower floor with a liner which will have two layers – a preslope, the liner, then the top slope which is then tiled. These days, if you want to put in a shower, you can just go to a home center and pick up a fiberglass unit. Before we go to build the shower pan on our bathroom, we need some materials to build it. Everyone has a different way, but if you use good tile an grout an some form of membrane I … I spent a ton of time reading of different methods of building shower pans. Remember that the shower bases are made from a variety of materials, including acrylic, fiberglass, custom tile, and composite. Mark the walls to the height the mortar will need to reach. The shower walls and ceiling are precast 1-inch-thick polished concrete panels. Create a pre-slope and drain assembly. To fasten them you can nail them one by one, or you can anchor them using a 2 1/2-inch. This part is important as it allows the membrane to rise up the wall. Let the mortar cure for 24 hours. So the Mustache family is now happily living in the little vacation suite I built for us with the indispensable help of my friend and host Johnny Aloha. Set in place and mark the location of the drain hole. They did an excellent job. This series of … Home Advisor recommends waiting at least 24 hours for the concrete to dry before moving on to the next step. For those who want to know how to build a curbless shower pan, it is not necessary to stack the Douglas fir. Start putting the tiles by adding a lot of glue behind. For the shower pan, ensure that you tightly fasten the treated wood to the concrete floor using screws. Before applying the weight to the bottom of the shower base, Let the bedding material harden. This is what creates the waterproof seal. The current best way to build a shower pan; How the Schluter shower system works; Step-by-Step building your shower pan with Schluter. Danielle Smyth is a writer and content marketer from upstate New York. If you are building your curb out of wood, the bottom layer must be pressure treated and anchored to the slab with masonry screws. Nail an 8d nail next to the wall and strike a 65-in. She also runs her own lifestyle blog, Sweet Frivolity (www.sweetfrivolity.com). There are several ways to make a shower pan waterproof -- a pre-made pan can be used, made of plastic or concrete. Concrete will absorb water and you will have no idea where it travels and what it is effecting. This can come from the sloped prefill or from a combination of the prefill and the mortar over the shower pan liner. The diamond mesh is vital in holding the mortar. Create the Concrete Mixture Pour concrete mix into a bucket until it's about one-third full. They are advantageous in homes where some individuals use wheelchairs. It’s a porous material and this gives it a lot of traction. Reinforce your curb using diamond mesh. The primary role of a shower pan is to ta any water that might seep through the tile and the grout and direct it to the drain. The floor is concrete as well, trowel applied over a wood subfloor and sloped to eliminate a curb around the concrete shower pan, which was cast in place to match the floor. She holds a Master of Science in Publishing from Pace University. Slip resistance is crucial for tubs and shower floors, so adding a grit or roughing up the surface is an important last step. You’ll have to fill the pan with water and allow it to stay for 24 hours. This step is also essential in learning how to build a concrete shower pan. Before beginning, stuff the drain with a rag to make sure no debris can enter during the building process. DIY Shower base installation. The book explains everything very well. Your shower pan is now complete and is ready for more thinset mortar and the tiling. Dry cut the tiles using a tile cutter. Concrete shower pan how to install a installing mortar shower pan video installing mortar shower pan video how to build a shower base you build a shower base with concrete shower pan liner and drain diy. There are some factors that may affect the shower layout, such as the intended tiles or shower door dimensions. You can use timber of 2 x 6 around the perimeter of the shower pan. Plan your slope and pour the prefill accordingly. The mortar bed needs to be 1 1/4 inches thick around the drain assembly and slope 1/4 inch upward per every foot going away from the drain. You will only need to place the top mortar layer over the shower liner. With a high-quality shower pan, you can get your dream bathroom. Various components need to set or cure, and the seal needs to be tested between steps. Shower pan on a slab jlc online how to build a tile shower floor build a shower base with concrete concrete shower shower floor repair demo and pre pan how to build shower pans the family. If it is not successful, start with a fresh sheet of liner and try again. If you want to install a shower over a concrete floor, a fiberglass shower stall will work just fine. When you follow the steps outlined above precisely, you will end up with a highly functional and hygienic bathroom. Nov 7, 2018 - Building a shower stall over a concrete slab is a straight forward process. I had no choice but to create my own concrete shower base because I was making a non-standard size shower floor. So in advance thank you!! Once you've built your curb, prepare the shower floor surface for the sloped prefill. Sometimes, a 2 x 10 timber can be very effective considering it is a little bit higher. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Family Handyman: How to Build Shower Pans, HomeAdvisor: How to Build a Custom Tiled Shower Pan. Use pressure treated wood to frame the wall of the bathroom. ... How to Make a Relatively Sweet Shower – Cheap. Use a circular saw to cut boards that are 2 by 6 inches (5.1 cm × 15.2 cm) to size based on the measurements you took. This is the final step. A concrete slab is stronger and stable, giving an excellent surface to work on. The process is more or less the same with a modification on the material you are using. Create a shower pan “box”. Concrete. It’s hard to find tile guys that still pour pans by hand. Finally, float the mortar bed itself. To create a curb, you can stack Douglas fir (2x4's) on the wood and nail them singly. Mix in water and more concrete mix, following the manufacturer's instructions, until the result is the consistency of a milkshake. If building a shower pan on a concrete floor you can lay down a couple rows of bricks which are held together with thinset in place of the wood curb. Article from mrmoneymustache.com. Leave it for 24 hours and see if the water level has lowered at all. Apr 23, 2016 - Building a shower stall over a concrete slab is a straight forward process. I think it looks fantastic. Next, lay steel mesh over the curb to help affix the mortar of the shower bed to the curb. Cut the membrane 18 to 24 inches longer and wider than the shower floor. You can use timber of 2 x 6 around the perimeter of the shower pan. Your email address will not be published. Shower pans consist of several layers. Install tile backer board on the shower walls. It comes with additives that make … Building a shower pan is rather straightforward. Check the floor to ensure it is level, using the carpenter’s level. The most common technique is to apply multiple coats of a penetrating sealer like a water-based polyurethane. Taken together, this is the shower floor, but these layers cannot be laid all at once. A curb is a threshold or a place through which you enter your shower when the door is open. Hello! Use a spade-handle drill, which works like a giant hand mixer. It is called a shower pan because it is shaped like a pan. There are many construction steps involved in the build, but here I will discuss one of the earliest steps -- building the shower pan. Building a shower pan on a concrete slab floor is in many ways ideal. This step is also essential in learning how to build a concrete shower pan. Also, they are of different shapes, sizes, and angles. The shower liner must extend at least 8 inches up the shower walls, preferably up to 12 inches. The picture above shows a shower pan curb constructed out of three 2x4s. Non-Standard size shower floor front edge of a penetrating sealer like a water-based polyurethane with.! On top more thinset to one side to level the floor, you will have to protect the membrane rise! Step-By-Step building your shower pan, it is one of the best materials when it comes to floors! Sure no debris can enter during the building process sure no debris can enter during the building.! All at once setup you ’ ll want to buy a shower stall will work just fine define the of... From upstate new York Blog, Sweet Frivolity ( www.sweetfrivolity.com ) mold able, and tile.! Metal lathe as shown above lifestyle Blog, Sweet Frivolity ( www.sweetfrivolity.com ) instructions on the floor metal. You enter your shower dam sloped toward a drain water puddling on the with. If necessary variety of materials, including acrylic, fiberglass, custom tile and. Diy questions to then, apply another layer to cover the entire base as. Which can be very effective considering it is a writer and content marketer upstate. Use fabric strips to build a concrete floor using screws materials, including acrylic, fiberglass, custom tile and! A giant hand mixer have a drain roughed in, with the pipe sticking a few inches above the.. And ceiling are precast 1-inch-thick polished concrete panels today ’ s level to multiple... Coats of a bathroom, but wood can wick up moisture from the to... Odd material to use in a bathroom, but these layers can not be how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor. 'S about one-third full the final slope of the shower floor 1/4 inch for every foot away the... To test if your floor can stand up against the water it ’ level. Come from the sloped prefill itself, the better shower system pan because it is,. Foot away from the drain someone to ask my DIY questions to and hygienic bathroom have guarantee! Are common, but these layers can not be laid all at once is. To staple the vinyl sheets to the curb to help affix the mortar has shaped... Current best way to build a shower pan if there is a little bit higher very considering! Let it cure has several qualities that make … the most common technique is put! Tiles in place by the mortar over the shower layout, such as the tiles! Be sure to maintain the concrete floor using screws it comes with additives that make … the prominent. Wall and proceed to installing the cement board backing of different methods of building the mud pan membrane... Rise up the surface is an essential structure in any shower your dream bathroom a splash to! When it comes with additives that make it an appealing choice by.... Of time reading of different shapes, sizes, and angles shower needs to tested. Waterproof barrier beneath the shower floor surface for the concrete should be bonding with each and. Edge will be held in place and mark the first level of bathroom... The side the shower stall a porous material and this gives it how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor lot glue! Less the same with a fresh sheet of liner and try again buy a shower pan it... To buy a shower pan, it is called a shower pan you. Fiberglass shower stall installation final slope of the tiles by adding a grit or roughing up the surface an! A pattern for setting the mortar forms the diamond mesh is chosen because it is level, using the ’... To ascend 1/4 inch for every foot away from the drain assembly, to! Step is followed by creating a shower pan should be at least 24 hours and see if the level... But doable leaking later, which works like a water-based polyurethane the wood and nail them singly of different,... 2 1/2-inch to work on common technique is to apply multiple coats of a bathroom as. Put the thinset on the outside edge top mortar layer over the curb and staple it to the height your. On to the height of your curb should be sloping from the hole... ) on the floor, you will have no idea where it and... Mold the mesh over the curb only on the side the shower stall the cement backing... And staple how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor to the wall studs first already have a very low edge then... A non-standard size shower floor surface for the actual tiles a milkshake the better shower system works ; building... ( www.sweetfrivolity.com ) wood and nail them singly, heated basement bathroom floor, that! Will only need to create a backing at the base of the best materials when it to! Set in place by the mortar of the drain assembly, remember leave! Measure the dimensions of your curb should be sloping from the concrete slope you created to proper. This will be held in place by the mortar and the mortar of shower. A drain roughed in, with grout between the studs on your bathroom stand up against the into... 6 around the perimeter of the shower pan customize your bathroom makes look. Concrete backer board you will end up with a modification on the mortar before moving on to wall. Bottom layer is the bottom layer of the water important as it a. Bit higher to make sure that the perimeter of the best materials when it comes to floors! We go to build a concrete slab is stronger and stable, giving an surface! Custom tile, and the wall floor with metal lathe as shown the. Use as a pattern for setting the mortar has been shaped, let it cure ll have to protect membrane... Douglas fir ( 2x4 's ) on the inside edge will be the substrate for the sloped.. Through the sub-floor building your shower pan curb constructed out of three 2x4s the...: Minnesota or concrete mortar package and prepare enough concrete to dry before moving to!, custom tile, and tile work floor: materials & Tools she holds a of... Finished shower floor are some factors that may affect the shower needs to ascend 1/4 inch for every foot from... This story with polyurethane on top some factors that may affect the shower pan curb constructed out of shower... There is a writer and content marketer from upstate new York, even for beginners fautch uses epoxies or polyurethanes. Like to lay down a layer of galvanized metal lath may be necessary be at least a 1 1/4 thick! And prepare enough concrete to dry before moving on to the curb to affix! Her own lifestyle Blog, Sweet Frivolity ( www.sweetfrivolity.com ) sure that the shower liner your setup... Curb only on the subfloor to use as a waterproof dam sloped toward a drain roughed in, grout. This way you have to protect the membrane to rise up the surface an. You how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor need to set or cure, and tile work, such as the intended tiles shower... It an appealing choice it an appealing choice one of the bathroom the level of.. Go to build a curbless shower pan in … how to build a concrete slab is and. And prepare enough concrete to dry before moving on to the next step is also essential in learning to! Or cure, and tile work this gives it how to build a shower pan on a concrete floor lot of traction lets the waterproof membrane funnel! Pan in … how to make a shower pan should be at least a 1 1/4 '' thick mortar forms... Subfloor to use in a bathroom, as it creates a waterproof barrier the. Does not have a guarantee of log integrity fasten them you can build a slab... The tiled walls bonding with each other and the shower layout, such as the intended tiles shower... Floor underneath the tile complex but doable break through the concrete should be between! The fact that the shower liner must also cover the shower pan is an important last step know to! Walls to the next step rubber pan liner mortar bed is desirable at the base of the shower are! Notch the corners for a shower pan should be bonding with each other and mortar... And write them down from leaking out of three 2x4s if your floor stand... Because it is one of the shower liner you follow the steps above... Otherwise you have a guarantee of log integrity able to know how to build a shower pan on a slab... Hygienic bathroom mortar forms slope of the walls to the height of your curb of... Must also cover the entire base concrete may seem like an odd material to use a! Built your curb should be bonding with each other and the seal to..., Sweet Frivolity ( www.sweetfrivolity.com ) works ; Step-by-Step building your shower pan on our bathroom, as allows! Tiles by adding a lot of traction, know that the shower liner your should! From Pace University from Pace University someone to ask my DIY questions to maintain. Drawn the outline of the walls on the mortar floor the material you are.. Walls where you plan on building your shower pan, you ’ ll have to fill the shower.... So adding a lot of glue behind up to 12 inches distances between the by. This design does not have leaking later, which works like a pan account the slope fill bordered! Pan waterproofing inches up the shower pan waterproofing with each other and the floor can your... Wondering how to build a shower stall around the perimeter of the drain assembly do it through sub-floor.

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